Toxoplasma gondii in swine with emphasis in Brazilian contribution [Abstract in English]

Aristeu Vieira da Silva, Rodrigo Costa da Silva, Thiago de Oliveira Zamprogna, Thays Mizuki Lucas


AIMS: To review the national literature of toxoplasmosis about epidemiology, pathology, immunology, antibody frequency and parasite isolation in swine, and the national and international literature on molecular evaluation of strains isolated from swine.
SOURCE OF DATA: Survey was performed in Scielo, Scopus, Science Direct and Google Scholar databases.
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS: Toxoplasmosis in swine presents high serological prevalence and parasite identification by isolation or DNA detection, is widely distributed in national territory, causing neurological, reproductive, and economical problems, and increases the risk of transmission to human population. Errant cats, which are the main source of infection to swine, are responsible for the dissemination and adaptation of the parasite to new hosts and alternative survival conditions. Molecular biology contributed significantly to the parasite detection in samples from dead animals and, particularly, in the elucidation of the parasite evolutional behavior in swine species.
CONCLUSIONS: Toxoplasmosis in swine is a real problem in both breeding and food production, becoming a serious problem to public health. It presents a variable prevalence in swine around the world, and presents high genotypic variability, particularly in South America.

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