Effects of physical activity on sustained attention: a systematic review

Mawar Siti Hajar, Hussein Rizal, Garry Kuan

Abstract


AIM: Physical activity is known for its benefits to improve cognitive functions such as sustained attention. The study aimed to conduct a systematic review on the effects of physical activity on sustained attention. METHODS: Literature search was conducted using databases from Scopus, PubMed, ResearchGate, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar. The date of these published articles ranged from January 2010 to August 2018. RESULTS: A total of thirteen studies using the longitudinal design was selected to be part of this review. Most studies showed positive relationships between physical activity and sustained attention. CONCLUSIONS: Future studies may consider a longitudinal study design to study the effect of physical activity on sustained attention in prolonged time; as well as the corresponding affect with gender, age, motivation and to investigate the relationship between physical activities together with other possible factors that can indirectly affect sustained attention.


Keywords


physical activity, exercise, sustained attention, vigilance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Caspersen CJ, Powell KE, Christenson GM. Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health Rep. 1985;100(2):126-31.

Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Castillo MJ, Sjöström M. Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health. Int J Obes. 2008;32(1):1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803774

Janssen I, Leblanc AG. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010;7(1):40. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-7-40

Strong WB, Malina RM, Blimkie CJ, Daniels SR, Dishman RK, Gutin B, Hengenroeder AC, Must A, Nixon PA, Pivarnik JM, Rowland T, Trost S, Trudeau F. Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth. J Pediatr. 2005;146(6):732-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.01.055

Hillman CH, Erickson KI, Kramer AF. Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008;9(1):58-65. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2298

Best JR, Miller PH, Naglieri JA. Relations between executive function and academic achievement from ages 5 to 17 in a large, representative national sample. Learn Individ Differ. 2011;21(4):327-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2011.01.007

Gillison FB, Skevington SM, Sato A, Standage M, Evangelidou S. The effects of exercise interventions on quality of life in clinical and healthy populations; a meta-analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2009;68(9):1700-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.028

Berger BG, Tobar DA. Physical activity and quality of life: key considerations. In: Tenenbaum G, Eklund RC, editors. Handbook of sport psychology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: John Wiley & Sons; 2007. p. 598-620. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118270011.ch27

Kamijo K, Pontifex MB, O’Leary KC, Scudder MR, Wu CT, Castelli DM, Hillman CH. The effects of an afterschool physical activity program on working memory in preadolescent children. Dev Sci. 2011;14(5):1046-58. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01054.x

Mahar MT. Impact of short bouts of physical activity on attention-to-task in elementary school children. Prev Med. 2011;52 Suppl 1:S60-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.01.026

Cohen RA. Sustained attention. In: Kreutzer JS, DeLuca J, Caplan B, editors. Encyclopedia of clinical neuropsychology. New York: Springer; 2011. p. 2440-3.

Sarter M, Givens B, Bruno JP. The cognitive neuroscience of sustained attention: where top-down meets bottom-up. Brain Res Rev. 2001;35(2):146-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0165-0173(01)00044-3

Ballester R, Huertas F, Yuste FJ, Llorens F, Sanabria D. The relationship between regular sports participation and vigilance in male and female adolescents. PLoS One. 2015;10(4):e0123898. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123898

Ballester R, Huertas F, Molina E, Sanabria D. Sport participation and vigilance in children: influence of different sport expertise. J Sport Health Sci. 2018;7(4):497-504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.05.008

Ciria LF, Perakakis P, Luque-Casado A, Morato C, Sanabria D. The relationship between sustained attention and aerobic fitness in a group of young adults. PeerJ. 2017;5:e3831. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3831

Luque-Casado A, Perakakis P, Ciria LF, Sanabria D. Transient autonomic responses during sustained attention in high and low fit young adults. Sci Rep. 2016;6:27556. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep27556

Luque-Casado A, Perakakis P, Hillman CH, Kao SC, Llorens F, Guerra P, Sanabria D. Differences in sustained attention capacity as a function of aerobic fitness. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016;48(5):887-95. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000000857

Wilson AN, Olds T, Lushington K, Petkov J, Dollman J. The impact of 10‐minute activity breaks outside the classroom on male students’ on‐task behaviour and sustained attention: a randomised crossover design. Acta Paediatr. 2016;105(4):e181-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.13323

Kato K, Iwamoto K, Kawano N, Noda Y, Ozaki N, Noda A. Differential effects of physical activity and sleep duration on cognitive function in young adults. J Sport Health Sci. 2018;7(2):227-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.01.005

Medina JA, Netto TL, Muszkat M, Medina AC, Botter D, Orbetelli R, Scaramuzza LF, Sinnes EG, Vilela M, Miranda MC. Exercise impact on sustained attention of ADHD children, methylphenidate effects. Atten Defic Hyperact Disord. 2010;2(1):49-58. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12402-009-0018-y

Leong IT, Moghadam S, Hashim HA. Aggregated effects of combining daily milk consumption and aerobic exercise on short-term memory and sustained attention among female students. Percept Mot Skills. 2015;120(1):57-66. https://doi.org/10.2466/22.06.pms.120v11x3

Palmer KK, Miller MW, Robinson LE. Acute exercise enhances preschoolers’ ability to sustain attention. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2013;35(4):433-7. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.35.4.433

Geertsen SS, Thomas R, Larsen MN, Dahn IM, Andersen JN, Krause-Jensen M, Korup V, Nielsen CM, Wienecke J, Ritz C, Krustrup P, Lundbye-Jensen J. Motor skills and exercise capacity are associated with objective measures of cognitive functions and academic performance in preadolescent children. PLoS One. 2016;11(8):e0161960. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161960

Chou C-C, Huang C-J. Effects of an 8-week yoga program on sustained attention and discrimination function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PeerJ. 2017;5:e2883. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2883

Luque-Casado A, Zabala M, Morales E, Mateo-March M, Sanabria D. Cognitive performance and heart rate variability: the influence of fitness level. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e56935. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056935

Mackworth NH. The breakdown of vigilance during prolonged visual search. Q J Exp Psychol. 1948;1(1):6-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470214808416738

Boksem MA, Meijman TF, Lorist MM. Effects of mental fatigue on attention: an ERP study. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res. 2005;25(1):107-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2005.04.011

Faber LG, Maurits NM, Lorist MM. Mental fatigue affects visual selective attention. PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e48073. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048073

Adan A. Cognitive performance and dehydration. J Am Coll Nutr. 2012;31(2):71-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724. 2012.10720011

Sridharan D, Levitin DJ, Chafe CH, Berger J, Menon V. Neural dynamics of event segmentation in music: converging evidence for dissociable ventral and dorsal networks. Neuron. 2007;55(3):521-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2007.07.003

Budde H, Voelcker-Rehage C, Pietrabyk-Kendziorra S, Ribeiro P, Tidow G. Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents. Neurosci Lett. 2008;441(2):219-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2008.06.024

Roland AO. Effects of acute physical activity on sustained attention-the possible influence of natural environments [tese]. Trondheim: NTNU; 2017.

Caterino MC, Polak ED. Effects of two types of activity on the performance of second-, third-, and fourth-grade students on a test of concentration. Percept Mot Skills. 1999;89(1):245-8. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1999.89.1.245

Kalia R. A study of vigilance as related to gender and performance of aquatic players. Int J Acad Res Dev. 2018;3(1):976-79.

Etnier JL, Nowell PM, Landers DM, Sibley BA. A meta-regression to examine the relationship between aerobic fitness and cognitive performance. Brain Res Rev. 2006;52(1):119-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainresrev.2006.01.002

ochran WG. Sampling techniques. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1977.

Tomporowski PD. Effects of acute bouts of exercise on cognition. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2003;112(3):297-324. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0001-6918(02)00134-8

Brisswalter J, Collardeau M, René A. Effects of acute physical exercise characteristics on cognitive performance. Sports Med. 2002;32(9):555-66. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200232090-00002

Chang YK, Chu CH, Wang CC, Wang YC, Song TF, Tsai CL, Etnier JL. Dose-response relation between exercise duration and cognition. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;47(1):159-65. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000000383

Lambourne K, Tomporowski P. The effect of exercise-induced arousal on cognitive task performance: a metaregression analysis. Brain Res. 2010;1341:12-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2010.03.091 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2010.03.091

Aberg MA, Pedersen NL, Torén K, Svartengren M, Bäckstrand B, Johnsson T, Cooper-Kuhn CM, Aberg ND, Nilsson M, Kuhn HG. Cardiovascular fitness is associated with cognition in young adulthood. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106(49):20906-11. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0905307106

Hillman CH, Castelli DM, Buck SM. Aerobic fitness and neurocognitive function in healthy preadolescent children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005;37(11):1967-74. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000176680.79702.ce

Hillman CH, Pontifex MB, Raine LB, Castelli DM, Hall EE, Kramer AF. The effect of acute treadmill walking on cognitive control and academic achievement in preadolescent children. Neuroscience. 2009;159(3):1044-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.01.057

Chang Y-K, Labban J, Gapin J, Etnier JL. The effects of acute exercise on cognitive performance: a meta-analysis. Brain Res. 2012;1453:87-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2012.06.039

Majorek M, Tüchelmann T, Heusser P. Therapeutic Eurythmy-movement therapy for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a pilot study. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004;10(1):46-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1353-6117(03)00087-8

Telles S, Singh N, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar A, Balkrishna A. Effect of yoga or physical exercise on physical, cognitive and emotional measures in children: a randomized controlled trial. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2013;7(1):37. https://doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-7-37

Warm JS, Parasuraman R, Matthews G. Vigilance requires hard mental work and is stressful. Hum Factors. 2008;50(3):433-41. https://doi.org/10.1518/001872008x312152

Grier RA, Warm JS, Dember WN, Matthews G, Galinsky TL, Parasuraman R. The vigilance decrement reflects limitations in effortful attention, not mindlessness. Hum Factors. 2003;45(3):349-59. https://doi.org/10.1518/hfes.45.3.349.27253

Bradley MM. Natural selective attention: orienting and emotion. Psychophysiol. 2009;46(1):1-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00702.x

okolov EN. Higher nervous functions: the orienting reflex. Ann Rev Physiol. 1963;25:545-80. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ph.25.030163.002553

Thompson RF, Spencer WA. Habituation: a model phenomenon for the study of neuronal substrates of behavior. Psychol Rev. 1966;73(1):16-43. http://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/h0022681

Kumar N, Wheaton LA, Snow TK, Millard-Stafford M. Exercise and caffeine improve sustained attention following fatigue independent of fitness status. Fatigue. 2015;3(2):104-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/21641846.2015.1027553




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2019.2.32864

This journal is a member of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and follow the principles recommended by this international reference organization on integrity and ethics in scientific publication.

Licença Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, the material published in this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original publication is properly cited.
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

 
 Member of OASPA

Copyright: © 2006-2019 EDIPUCRS