Immune risk profile of elderly women with breast cancer: the first 37 cases

Betina Vollbrecht, Felipe Pereira Zerwes, Janaina Viegas, Thiago Willers, Ana Paula Ornagh, Cristina Bonorino, Antonio Luiz Frasson

Abstract


AIMS: To evaluate the immune risk profile of elderly women with breast cancer and to assess whether this can be a reliable predictor to determine types of treatment and oncologic follow-up.
METHODS: We assessed the CD4+/CD8+ ratio in peripheral blood cell, as well as serology for cytomegalovirus, of 37 women who were aged 60 years or more at the time they were diagnosed with breast cancer/. They all had surgical treatment at the Breast Center from Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul. Those with positive serology for HIV, or immuno-suppressed due to organ transplant, as well as those who had neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Data was analyzed according to axillary involvement, tumor size, tumor immunohistochemical profile and occurrence of adverse events (axillary relapse, local relapse and/or metastases)
RESULTS: The mean value of CD4+/CD8+ ratio was 1.72 (min. 1.1, max. 2.32) and cytomegalovirus serology was positive in all subjects. Comparing the groups, patients with positive axillary metastases (n=10) had a CD4+/CD8+ ratio greater than in those with negative axillary metastases (p=0.04). No statistically significant difference was detected regarding the size and immunohistochemical profile of the tumor. Two adverse events occurred at a mean follow-up of 14 months (one axillary relapse and one bone metastasis), when an increase in the CD4+/CD8+ ratio was observed.
CONCLUSIONS: The CD4+/CD8+ ratio appear to increase in cases of breast cancer with worst prognosis. As far as was possible to search, these are the first data on CD4+ and CD8+ peripheral blood of elderly women with breast cancer. A longer follow-up will determine the value of these cells as a prognostic and/or predictive marker.

Keywords


CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES; CD8-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES; CD4-CD8 RATIO; BREAST CANCER/immunology; GERIATRICS.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2014.3.16613

e-ISSN: 1980-6108 | ISSN-L: 1806-5562


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