A autocompaixão em mulheres e relações com autoestima, autoeficácia e aspectos sociodemográficos

Luciana Karine de Souza, Claudio Simon Hutz

Resumo


Estudos mostram que mulheres são mais acometidas por sintomas de depressão e ansiedade, na comparação com homens. Uma das maneiras de se contrabalançar tais sintomas é através da autocompaixão. Em estudo brasileiro prévio, mulheres apresentaram menor autocompaixão do que homens. O presente estudo investigou diferenças na autocompaixão em 327 mulheres com respeito à autoestima, autoeficácia e aspectos sociodemográficos. As participantes responderam um questionário sociodemográfico e escalas de autocompaixão, autoestima e autoeficácia. Comparações etárias e com variáveis sociodemográficas foram realizadas mediante testes t. Os resultados significativos encontrados para autocompaixão foram ter mais de 30 anos, praticar uma religião, não usar medicamento psiquiátrico e ter filhos. O trabalho permitiu a identificação de variáveis que sugerem direções para futuras pesquisas sobre autocompaixão em mulheres. Um exemplo é a questão da relação entre ter filhos e maior autocompaixão, o que pode sugerir que habilidades maternas e estilos parentais possam desempenhar papel importante nessa questão.


Palavras-chave


Compaixão; Autoavaliação; Autoestima; Autoeficácia; Mulheres.

Texto completo:

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2016.2.21185

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