Transtorno bipolar em crianças e adolescentes: critérios para diagnóstico e revisão de intervenções psicossociais

Renata Garcia de Almeida Moraes, Márcia Cristina Caserta Gon, Robson Zazula

Resumo


O transtorno bipolar é um transtorno mental crônico, recorrente e incapacitante. Entretanto, em crianças e adolescentes pode manifestar-se de forma diferente do padrão clássico descrito na idade adulta. Objetivou-se revisar e analisar estudos empíricos de intervenções psicossociais realizadas para o transtorno bipolar em crianças e adolescentes quanto aos seus objetivos, método, principais resultados e discussão. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de 21 artigos de intervenção psicossocial publicados entre 1999 e 2014. Constatou-se diversidade quanto às variáveis investigadas, tais como método, delineamento experimental, amostra, instrumentos e temas. Apesar disso, os estudos demonstraram eficácia em alguns aspectos estudados, em especial a comunicação e a informação aos pacientes e familiares. Sugere-se o desenvolvimento de pesquisas sobre transtorno bipolar em crianças e adolescentes, de modo a contribuir para a elaboração de ações ou programas de intervenção direcionados especificamente para esta população.


Palavras-chave


Transtorno bipolar; Infância; Adolescência; Intervenção psicossocial.

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