Examinando como as Projeções Sobre o Futuro da Sociedade São Relacionadas com as Ações Atuais de Combate às Mudanças Climáticas

Taciano L Milfont, Paul G Bain, Roosevelt V. L. Souza, Valdiney V Gouveia, Yoshihisa Kashima

Resumo


A mudança climática afetará todos os domínios das relações pessoa-ambiente. Combater este fenômeno exigirá mudanças sociais que possam ser motivadas por visões de futuro da sociedade, onde tais mudanças tenham ocorrido. Usando o modelo teórico de “futuros coletivos”, analisamos se as crenças sobre o futuro da sociedade estão relacionadas com intenções de combate às mudanças climáticas no presente. Participantes de duas amostras imaginaram a sociedade
em 2050, onde a mudança climática foi combatida, e avaliaram como essa sociedade diferirá com relação a aspectos sociais de disfunção e desenvolvimento e a traços de personalidade e valores. Na medida em que os brasileiros acreditavam que a prevenção das mudanças climáticas resultariam em desenvolvimento social e mais traços de
competência, eles estavam mais dispostos a se envolverem em atividades de cidadania ambiental. As diferenças individuais na perspectiva de tempo futuro também impactaram a intenção de cidadania ambiental. O desenvolvimento societal e a consideração de consequências futuras parecem ser caminhos distintos pelos quais pensamentos sobre o futuro influenciam ações em relação à mudança climática.

Palavras-chave


Mudanças climáticas; pensamento de futuro; cidadania ambiental; futuros coletivos.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-8623.2014.3.17336

e-ISSN: 1980-8623 | ISSN-L: 0103-5371


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