Prevalence of depressive symptoms and factors associated in the elderly of the city of Pelotas-RS

Regiane da Silva Heidemann, Luziane Fonseca Vilela, Gabriela Kurz da Cunha, Renan Garcia Caldas, Pâmela Silva Vitória Salerno, Isabel Clasen Lorenzet, Camila Perelló Ferrúa, Mariana Bonati de Matos, Gabriele Cordenonzi Ghislene, Rachel Krolow Santos Silva Bast, Fernanda Nedel

Abstract


AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and factors associated in the elderly of the city of Pelotas, southern Brazil. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the variables of interest were investigated with instruments about the socio-economic profile, aspects of physical and professional activities, eating and sleeping habits. RESULTS: 312 elderly people were interviewed, with a prevalence of depressive symptoms of 30.5%. A higher prevalence of depressive symptoms were found in women, individuals older than 81 years, from the low class, living alone, physically inactive, and retired. In the adjusted analysis, the non-practice of physical activity, low sleep quality, and daily sleeping medication were statistically associated with the outcome. In contradiction to the literature, our results refute the well-established gender roles that preconize that males are more affected by physical impairment, while the females are more affected by psychological and psychiatric disorders. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, it is important to identify the prevalence of depressive symptoms in a population commonly affected by other diseases. In addition, characteristics associated with depression were detected, which can help prevent or improve depression in this age group.


Keywords


Depression; Health of the elderly; Quality of life.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/2357-9641.2019.2.33568

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