Number of teeth and chewing satisfaction related to cardiometabolic, vascular diseases and self-perception of health in older adults

Rejane Eliete Luz Pedro, Camila Bittencourt Jacondino, Laura Schlatter Rosemberg, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke, Ângelo José Gonçalves Bós, Geralto Attilio De Carli, Irenio Gomes da Silva-Filho

Abstract


Aims: To determine the association of chewing satisfaction and number of teeth with cardiometabolic and vascular diseases and self-perception of health (SPH) in the elderly.
Methods: An observational and population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with the participating elderly of the Multidimensional Study of Elderly of Porto Alegre
(EMIPOA) who responded to a questionnaire about their oral health, which was applied by telephone. The following variables were analyzed: sex, age, age range, chewing
satisfaction, number of teeth, SPH, coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), diabetes mellitus (DM), Hypertension (SAH) and obesity.
Results: There were 251 elderly evaluated averaging on age 72.5±7.6 years. The mean number of teeth was 8.80±8.91 while chewing satisfaction was reported by 52.2%. A significant association (P<0.05) was observed between satisfaction with chewing ability and mean number of teeth, DM and SPH (dissatisfied elderly had a lower mean number of teeth, poor/awful SPH and greater prevalence of DM). A significant association was also
observed between mean number of teeth and age range, SPH, CVA, CAD, SAH (lower mean number of teeth in elderly ≥80 years and with fair/poor perception of health and the morbidities described).
Conclusions: In the elderly of EMIPOA, oral health was found to be associated with age
range, cardiometabolic and vascular diseases and self-perception of health.


Keywords


oral health health evaluation aged metabolic diseases cardiovascular diseases cerebrovascular accident

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