Repensando nossa crise dos refugiados com Hannah Arendt

Helgard Mahrdt

Resumo


A Europa encara uma onda de refugiados e migrantes. Resolver os muitos problemas inerentes é principalmente uma tarefa política prática. No entanto, existem experiências existenciais, valores democráticos, atitudes humanas e princípios políticos envolvidos, e este artigo atenta particularmente para três aspectos da crise dos refugiados: (1) o existencial (refiro-me ao filósofo Martin Heidegger e à pensadora política Hannah Arendt), (2) o político (volto-me para os passos da UE em direção a uma política comum de refugiados) e (3) o legal (refiro-me à noção de hospitalidade de Immanuel Kant e às notas de Seyla Benhabib sobre Direitos Humanos). Finalmente, farei uma observação final sobre a tarefa da educação (refiro-me à noção de philia de Hannah Arendt e Aristóteles).


Palavras-chave


Europa; Refugiados; Direitos humanos; Xenofobia; Hospitalidade.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


AGAMBEN, Giorgio. Means without End. Notes on Politics. Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press. 2000.

ALFRED, Charlotte. Expert Discussion: The Future of the E.U. – Turkey Refugee Deal. In: News Deeply, August 30, 2016. Available

in:

expert-discussion-the-future-of-the-e-u-turkey-refugee-deal>. Access: Mar. 03, 2017.

ARENDT, Hannah. The Human Condition. 2. ed. Introduction by Margaret Canovan, Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press, [1958]/1998.

ARENDT, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt Brace, [1951]/1994.

ARENDT, Hannah. Between Past and Future. Eight Exercises in Political Thought. New York: Penguin Books, [1961]/1993.

ARENDT, Hannah. On Revolution. New York: Viking/London: Faber & Faber, [1963]/1990.

ARENDT, Hannah. Men in Dark Times. Harcourt, New York: Brace & World, Inc., 1968.

ARENDT, Hannah. On Hannah Arendt. In: HILL, Melvin A. (Org.). Hannah Arendt: the Recovery of the Public World. New York: St. Martin's, 1979. p. 301-339.

ARENDT, Hannah. The Life of the Mind. One Volume Edition. Mary McCarthy (Org.). San Diego, New York, London: Harcourt, Inc., 1981.

ARENDT, Hannah. Philosophy and Politics. Social Research, v. 57, n. 1, p. 73-103, Spring 1990.

ARENDT, Hannah. A Reply to Eric Voegelin. In: KOHN, Jerome (Org.). Essays in Understanding 1930-54. New York: Schocken Books, 1994a. p. 401-408.

ARENDT, Hannah. Understanding and Politics. In: KOHN, Jerome (Org.). Essays in Understanding 1930-54. New York: Schocken Books, 1994b. p. 307-327.

ARENDT, Hannah. The Nation. In: KOHN, Jerome (Org.). Essays in Understanding 1930-54. New York: Schocken Books, 1994. p. 206-211.

ARENDT, Hannah. Concern with Politics in Recent European Philosophical Thought. In: KOHN, Jerome (Org.). Essays in Understanding 1930-54. New York: Schocken Books, 1994c. p. 428-447.

ARENDT, Hannah. Introduction into Politics. In: KOHN, Jerome (Org.). The Promise of Politics. New York: Schocken Books, 2005. p. 93-204.

ARENDT, Hannah. We Refugees. In: KOHN, Jerome; FELDMAN, Ron H. (Org.). The Jewish Writings. New York: Schocken Books, 2007. p. 264-274.

BAKER, Gideon. Right of entry or right of refusal? Hospitality in the law of nature and nations. Review of International Studies, v. 37, n. 3, July 2011. p. 1423-1445. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0260210510001269

BARDI, Balint. Xenophobia running high before Hungary's migrant referendum. In: euobserver, July 2016. Available in: . Access: 9 Oct. 2016.

BBC NEWS.Migrant crisis: EU splits exposed as talks take place. September 2015. Available in: http://www.bbc.com/news/worldeurope-34332759>. Access in: 23 Sept. 2015.

BENHABIB, Seyla. Cosmopolitanism and Democracy: Affinities and Tensions. Hedgehog Review, Critical Reflections on Contemporary Culture, v. 11, n. 3, 2009. p. 30-41.

BIRMINGHAM, Peg. Hannah Arendt and Human Rights. The Predicament of Common Responsibility. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2006.

BOSWELL, Christina. European values and the asylum crisis, International Affairs, v. 76, n. 3, 2000, p. 537-557. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.00150

DEARDEN, Lizzie. Germany attacks. Merkel refuses to change refugee policy amid calls for crackdown after Isis-inspired killings.

In: Independent, July 2016. Available in:

co.uk/news/world/europe/germany-attacks-angela-merkelrefuses-

to-change-refugee-policy-amid-calls-for-crackdownfollowing-

a7159926.html>. Access in: 9 Oct. 2016.

DEMPSEY, Judy. Merkel's Refugee Crisis. In: Carnegie Europe, Sept. 2015.

EUROPEAN COUNCIL. Informal meeting of heads of state or government, 23/09/2015. In: European Commission Press Release, 5 Oct. 2015.

FASSIN, Didier. Policing Borders, Producing Boundaries.The Governmentality of Immigration in Dark Times. The Annual Review of Anthropology, v. 40, 2011. p. 213-26. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-anthro-081309-145847

FOREST, Danielle. Poland to accept 5,000 refugees: A summary of events. In: Krakow Post, Sept. 2015. Available in: . Access in: 22 Oct. 2015.

FRENCH, Craig. To lose one's home in the world: The injustice of immigrant detention. Journal of International Political Theory, v. 11, n. 3, October 2015. p. 351-369. https://doi.org/10.1177/1755088215585026

GALL, Lydia. Pig-head propaganda: Hungary's war on refugees. In: euobserver, Aug. 2016. Available in: . Access in: 10 Oct. 2016.

GLEES, Anthony. Germany a hippie state being led by its emotions. In: BBC World Service, Sept. 2015. Available in:

co.uk/programmes/p03200f8>. Access: 9 Sept. 2015.

HALL, Melanie. Slovakia 'will only accept Christian refugees'. In: DW, Aug. 2015; Available in: . Access in: 20 Aug. 2015.

HEIDEGGER, Martin. Building Dwelling Thinking.In: FARRELL KRELL, David (Org.). Martin Heidegger. Basic Writings. London/

New York: Routledge, 2011. p. 239-255.

HEUER, Wolfgang. Europe and Its Refugees: Arendt on the Politicization of Minorities. Social Research, v. 74, n. 4, Winter 2007. p. 1159-1172.

INGRAM, James. What Is a “Right to Have Rights?” Three Images of the Politics of Human Rights. American Political Science Review, v. 102, n. 4, p. 401-416, Nov. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055408080386

KANT, Immanuel. Zum Ewigen Frieden – Ein philosophischer Entwurf. In: WEISCHEDEL, Wilhelm (Org.). Immanuel Kant Werke, Bd. 9, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1975. p. 194-251.

KARRER, Sabine. We are writing History right now. In: Twitter, Sept. 2015. Available in: . Access in: 19 Sept. 2015.

KATTAGO, Siobhan. The Specter of Fear – Europe after the Paris attacks. In: Public Seminar, Nov. 2015. Available in:

publicseminar.org/author/skattago/>. Access in: 23 Nov. 2016.

KAVIC, Sasa.Hungary won't open ‘corridors’ for refugees on its southern borders. In: RT (Reuters), Oct. 2015. Available in: . Access in: 22 Oct. 2015.

KERN, Soeren. Germany: “No Change to Open-Door Migration Policy”. In: Gatestone Institute International Policy Council, 2016. Available in: . Access in: 07 Mar. 2017.

LALL, Rashmee Roshan. Europe's refugee policy is tainted by fear of the other. In: The National, Oct. 2015. Available in:

www.thenational.ae/opinion/comment/europes-refugee-policy-stainted-by-fear-of-the-other>. Access in: 20 Oct. 2015.

LEWIS, Bernard. From Babel to Dragomans. Interpreting the Middle East. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

MERKEL, Angela. Flüchtlingskrise wird Deutschland verändern. Sept. 2015. Available in:

merkel-fluechtlingskrise-wird-deutschland-veraendern>. Access in: 7 Sept. 2015.

NARDELLI, Alberto. Europeans feel a duty to help refugees – but not in their own countries. In: The Guardian, Oct. 2015. Available in:

european-attitudes-towards-refugees-poll-eu>. Access in: 30 Oct. 2015.

OLTERMANN, Philip. Angela Merkel's party beaten by rightwing populists in German elections. In: The Guardian, Sept. 2016. Available in:

mecklenburg-vorpommern-german-anti-immigrant-party-trongregional-election-exit-polls-merkel>. Access in: 9 Oct. 2016.

PAREKH, Serena. Hannah Arendt and the Challenge of Modernity. A Phenomenology of Human Rights. Oxford: Routledge 2008.

PATERSON, Tony. Refugee crisis: German village Sumte shows reality behind open door policy – with 102 residents and 750 refugees. In: Independent, Nov. 2015. Available in:

independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/refugee-crisis-germanvillage-sumte-shows-the-reality-behind-angela-merkel-s-opendoor-policy-with-a6724741.html>. Access in: 6 Nov. 2015.

ROTHWELL, James; FOSTER, Peter; CSEKO, Balazs. Hungary referendum: 98 per cent of voters say 'no' to EU migrant quotas. In: The Telegraph, Oct. 2016. Available in: . Access in: 9 Oct. 2016.

ROY VAN ZUIJDEWIJN, Jeanine de. Responding to terrorism: Merkel's speech after the attack on the Christmas Market in Berlin. In: Universiteit Leiden. Leiden Safety and Security Blog, 2016. Available in:

responding-to-terrorism-merkels-speech-after-the-attack-on-thechristmas-ma>. Access in: 07 Mar. 2017.

SCHUSTER-CRAIG, Johanna. How the Berlin Christmas market terror attack affects Chancellor Merkel and Europe. In: The Conversation. Available in: . Access in: 20 Sept. 2017.

SCHUTZ, Aaron; SANDY, Marie G. Friendship and the Public Stage: Revisiting Hannah Arendt's Resistance to, Political Education. Educational Theory, v. 65, n. 1, p. 21-38, Feb. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1111/edth.12093

SCOTT, Baily. Xenophobia Raises Its Ugly Head in the European Refugee Crisis. In: Sigma Iota Rho, Journal of International Relations, Oct. 2015. Available in: . Access in: 10 Oct. 2016.

SMALE, Alison. Far-right overtakes Angela Merkel's Bloc in Her Home State. In: The New York Times, Sept. 3, 2016. Available in: . Access in: 9 Oct. 2016.

SMITH, Helena. Shocking images of drowned Syrian boy show tragic plight of refugees. In: The Guardian, Sept. 2015. Available in:

of-drowned-syrian-boy-shows-tragic-plight-of-refugees>.Access in: 2 Sept. 2015.

SYRING, Tom. International Norm-Making on Forced Displacement: Challenges and Complexity (Introductory Remarks). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law), v. 106, n. 28, p. 429-430, Mar. 2012.

VESTBAKKE, Anne. Marte Löfven: Europa harmoralskansvar. In: msn nyheter, Sept. 2015. Available in:

nb-no/nyheter/verden/l%C3%B6fven-europa-harmoralskansvar>.

Access in: 07 Mar. 2017.

VOLK, Christian. Überlegungen zu einer freiheitlichen Weltordnung im Anschluss an Arendt und Montesquieu. Renovatio, v. 3-4, p. 11-20, 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-864X.2017.3.26138

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

e-ISSN: 1980-864X | ISSN-L: 0101-4064

Este periódico é membro do COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) e adere aos seus princípios - www.publicationethics.org



AVALIAÇÃO QUALIS CAPES - 2016 
ÁREA CAPES - História
CLASSIFICAÇÃO - A2

INDEXADORES E PORTAIS

  • Web of Science - Master Journals List (Clarivate Analytics)
  • SSCI - Social Sciences Citation Index (Clarivate Analytics)
  • AHCI - Arts and Humanities Citation Index (Clarivate Analytics)
  • Scopus (Elsevier)
  • SJR - ScIMAGO Journal & Country Rank (Elsevier)
  • Historical Abstracts with Full Text (EBSCO)
  • Academic Search Premier (EBSCO)
  • Fonte Acadêmica (EBSCO)
  • Fuente Academica (EBSCO)
  • CLASE - Citas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades
  • DOAJ - Directory of Open Access Journals
  • LATINDEX - Sistema Regional de Información en Línea para Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal
  • REDALYC - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
  • Portal CAPES

FATOR DE IMPACTO NO SJR (SCImago Journal & Country Rank)

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Licença Creative Commons OriginalityCheck®
Licença Creative Commons
Exceto onde especificado diferentemente, a matéria publicada neste periódico é licenciada sob forma de uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional. 
TurnITin
Todos os artigos são submetidos ao software Turnitin, antes de iniciar qualquer tipo de avaliação.
Diadorim  Open Access 
Diretório de Políticas Editoriais das Revistas Científicas Brasileiras. Disponibilidade para depósito: Azul. 
 

Copyright: © 2006-2019 EDIPUCRS