A cross-sectional study of oral health-related quality of life of Piracicaba’s elderly population

Anabel Cristina Bortoletto Alcarde, Telmo Oliveira Bittar, Denise Helena Fornazari, Marcelo Castro Meneghim, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Antonio Carlos Pereira

Abstract


Purpose: This paper aimed to assess the self-perceived oral health status in 137 elderly from Piracicaba city, São Paulo state, Brazil, and to investigate the influence of socio-demographic variables, institutionalization status and access to dental care services on the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) index final score.
Methods: The sample comprised institutionalized and non-institutionalized elderly, from 60 to 92 years old, socially independent or partially dependent, without significant cognitive alterations, with different educational and monthly income levels. An oral examination and two questionnaires were employed as instruments to gather subject characteristics. The first questionnaire included the 12 items of the GOHAI, and the second questionnaire gathered socio-demographic variables. The data were evaluated with a Chi-square test and logistic regression, with p < 0.05 as the significance cut-off.
Results: The GOHAI final mean score of 27.49 indicated a low oral health self-perception, and the score was significantly associated with life style and institutionalization. The risk indicators for low oral health self-perception were the demand for urgent dental care and the self-perceived need for dental treatment. These indicators correlated with a lower GOHAI score, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.0001), demonstrating that a low oral health self-perception is directly correlated with a worse oral health clinical status. This information can be useful for planning public health policies.
Conclusion: The GOHAI final score in this study was considered low. Self-motivation and self-perception of the need for dental treatment were considered risk indicators for a low final GOHAI score.

Keywords


Elderly; quality of life; GOHAI index

Full Text:

PDF


e-ISSN: 1980-6523

ISSN-L: 0102-9460

 

This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) http://www.publicationethics.org


SJR (SCImago Journal & Country Rank) IMPACT FACTOR:

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Licença Creative Commons

Except where otherwise noted, content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

 

Editorial Policies of Brazilian Scientific Journals. Deposit availability: Blue .

 

Copyright: © 2006-2019 EDIPUCRS