Sense of coherence and dental caries experience in preschool children from Belo Horizonte city

Karina Bonanato, Ana Carolina Scarpelli, Daniela Goursand, João Paulo Tibaes Mota, Saul Martins Paiva, Isabela Almeida Pordeus


Purpose: The objective of this paper was to evaluate the relationship between mother’s Sense of Coherence (SOC) and preschool children’s oral health.
Methods: The sample consisted of 42 mothers and their children with ages from 8 months to 5 years old, enrolled in a public day care center in Belo Horizonte city, MG. Mothers answered a retrospective questionnaire concerning questions about their SOC and about their children’s oral hygiene. Children were subjected to dental clinical examination to collect the dmf-t index. These examinations were carried out by one calibrated researcher (Kappa = 0.86) in knee-to-knee position with natural light. Data were analyzed using qui-square test, adjusted odds ratio, and multivariate logistic regression at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: No statistical differences were found between the dmf-t index and child’s gender or oral hygiene (P>0.05), nor with mother’s SOC (P=0.335). Children aged 4 to 5 years old had 7.5 times more chance to have dmf-t ≥1 then children aged 8 moths to 3 years old (P=0.019) independently from the other variables.
Conclusion: In conclusion the mother’s stress adaptability was not associated with her child’s caries experience in this sample.
Key words: Preschool children; oral health; oral hygiene; sense of coherence


Preschool children; oral health; oral hygiene; sense of coherence

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e-ISSN: 1980-6523

ISSN-L: 0102-9460


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