Association between bruxism and emotional stress in military policemen

Swellya da Costa Aroucha Carvalho, Andrea Lúcia Almeida Carvalho, Sílvia Carneiro de Lucena, Jeanne Paiva de Siqueira Coelho, Thayse Pacelly Brandão de Araújo

Abstract


Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bruxism and emotional stress in military policemen and test their association.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in members of the Military Police of the State of Maranhão in São Luís, MA. Sample was composed by 81 male subjects (mean age = 33.5 years). Bruxism was diagnosed according to clinical criteria – presence of aligned wear facets associated with at least one of the following signs and symptoms: selfreport of bruxism grinding sounds, pain to palpation of the masseter and temporal muscles, report of morning masticatory muscle discomfort and/or masseter muscle hypertrophy. To diagnose stress the Stress Symptoms Inventory was applied.
Results: The prevalence of bruxism was 33.3% and frequency of emotional stress was 13.6%. The stress prevalence in individuals with bruxism was significantly higher than that in subjects without bruxism (Chi-square test, P=0.003).
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that stress was associated with bruxism in this sample of policemen.
Key words: Bruxism; stress; policemen

Keywords


Bruxism; stress; policemen

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e-ISSN: 1980-6523

ISSN-L: 0102-9460

 

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