Dental caries in children assisted on a dental school clinic: prevalence and associated factors

Emerson Tavares de Sousa, Fabiana Barros Marinho Maia, Vanessa Feitosa Alves, Jaiza Samara Macena Araujo, Franklin Delano Soares Forte, Fábio Correia Sampaio

Abstract


Objective: This study aimed to determine the epidemiology of dental caries in users of a pediatric dental clinic. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 313 dental records during the period from 2011 to 2013 was performed. Data on demographic, socioeconomic, diet and hygiene habits, and decay rates (dmft / DMFT) were collected. Statistical analysis was based on univariate analyzes were performed and multiple logistic regression based on a conceptual model of determination. Results: The dmft proved to be similar, 3.47 ± 3.78 and 3.46 ± 3.05, for ages 0-6 and 7-9, respectively (p = 0.781). The DMFT was 0.80 ± 1.25 SD for the range of 7-9 year and 3.16 ± 3.72 SD for those older than 10 years (p = 0.000). Most children sought restorative treatment due to dental decay. There was a significant association between parental education and SOHI and the dmft, as well as the gender and DMFT. No significant association between maternal education, type of diet and DMFT was found through multivariate logistic regression. Conclusion: In conclusion, in the proposed model, there is a certain peculiarity of dental caries patterns, which may be attributed to factors beyond the variables analyzed. 


Keywords


Health Services; Epidemiology; Dental caries

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-6523.2017.1.23281

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