Orthodontic shear bond strength to porcelain surface in wet conditions

Magáli Beck Guimarães, Bárbara Cocco, Rodrigo Salbego Bueno, Micéli Beck Guimarães Blaya, Letícia Borges Jacques, Luciana Mayumi Hirakata

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the shear bond strength of orthodontic accessories bonded to a porcelain surface after storage in water.
Methods: One-hundredand-twenty feldspathic porcelain discs were divided into 4 groups, according to the surface treatment: Group 1 – 37% phosphoric acid etching; Group 2 – 10% fluorhydric acid; Group 3 – 37% phosphoric acid and silane application; Group 4 – 10% fluorhydric acid and silane application. After the accessories were bonded, the sample was divided into two subgroups, according to the time interval of storage in distilled water: Control – 24 hours; and Test – 150 days. Shear bond strength was determined using a universal test machine, and failure type was verified by scanning electron microscopy.
Results: In the test groups there was reduction in shear bond strength, particularly when silane was used. Test Groups 2 and 4 presented shear bond strength values within those proposed as adequate for orthodontic bonding. Groups 1 and 3  presented adhesive failures between porcelain and resin, whereas in Groups 2 and 4 cohesive failures in porcelain were recorded.
Conclusion: Storage in water for 150 days decreased the bond strength at silanized interfaces. Fluorhydric acid etching generates adequate bond strength in wet conditions, however, increases the fracture rate in porcelain.


Keywords


Shear strength; Dental porcelain; Dental bonding; Orthodontics

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-6523.2016.2.16347

e-ISSN: 1980-6523

ISSN-L: 0102-9460

 

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