Incidence of fibrinolytic alveolitis, acute infection, edema, and pain longer than two days after dental extraction

Marcelo Carlos Bortoluzzi, Rafael Manfro, Vilson Poggere, Rafael Dlugokenski Silva

Abstract


Purpose: This is a prospective, observational, and descriptive study on the incidence of fibrinolytic alveolitis (FA), acute infection (AI), edema, and pain longer than two days (P2D) after dental extraction surgery.
Methods: The sample comprised 80 surgical cases of dental extraction performed by dental students of the University of Oeste de Santa Catarina. The following complications were recorded: 2 cases of FA (2.5%), 2 cases of AI (2.5%), 8 cases of relevant edema (10%), and 8 cases of pain that persisted longer than 2 days after surgery (10%).
Results: A Chi-square test showed significant association between osteotomy and FA development (P=0.001), and between P2D (P=0.02) and edema (P=0.01). The report of difficult or traumatic tooth removal was related with FA development (P=0.01), P2D (P < 0.001), and edema (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: The results suggest that FA, edema, and P2D were related with more traumatic or difficult tooth removal and performance of osteotomy in this sample.
Key words: Fibrinolytic alveolitis; dry socket; alveolitis sicca; dental surgery; dental infection; pain

Keywords


Fibrinolytic alveolitis; dry socket; alveolitis sicca; dental surgery; dental infection; pain

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e-ISSN: 1980-6523

ISSN-L: 0102-9460

 

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