Shuttle walking test como instrumento de avaliação da capacidade funcional: uma revisão da literatura

Débora Pantuso Monteiro, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Maria Luiza Vieira Carvalho, Dayane Montemezzo, Verônica Franco Parreira, Danielle Aparecida Gomes Pereira

Resumo


Introdução: O Shuttle walking test (SWT) foi originalmente desenvolvido para indivíduos com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC). Sua aplicação na avaliação funcional em outras condições de saúde vem sendo empregada. Objetivo: Fazer uma revisão de literatura sobre o uso do Shuttle walking test na avaliação da capacidade funcional. Materiais e Métodos: A revisão da literatura foi realizada nas bases de dados Medline, Lilacs e Scielo considerando a combinação do descritor principal Shuttle walking test com os descritores em português e inglês: validade, reprodutibilidade, confiabilidade, sensibilidade, diferença mínima clinicamente significativa e prognóstico. Resultados: Foram selecionados 37 artigos que apresentavam o SWT como desfecho cardiorrespiratório de interesse nas seguintes condições de saúde: insuficiência cardíaca, doença arterial coronariana, DPOC, transplante cardíaco, doença arterial obstrutiva periférica, fibrose cística, fibrose pulmonar idiopática e pacientes com marcapasso. Conclusão: O SWT é um teste de caminhada válido, confiável e seguro para a avaliação da capacidade funcional em diversas condições de saúde. É útil na prática clínica para avaliar respostas a intervenções e prognóstico.

Palavras-chave


teste de esforço; condicionamento físico humano; fisioterapia

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1983-652X.2014.2.16580

 

e-ISSN: 1983-652X 

 

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