A Teoria Crítica entre Marx e Honneth

Jean-Philippe Deranty

Resumo


Neste artigo considerarei as principais objeções marxistas ao modelo de Honneth para uma Teoria Crítica da sociedade e também as objeções centrais de Honneth aos modelos inspirados em Marx. Depois tentarei esboçar uma reaproximação entre ambas posições ao mostrar como o conceito normativo de reconhecimento de Honneth não é oposto a argumentos funcionalistas, e sim que ele contém uma dimensão socioteórica: a ideia de que a reprodução social e a evolução social revolvem ao redor de lutas pela interpretação de normas sociais centrais. Ao iluminar o lado socioteórico do reconhecimento, é possível esboçar um modelo de Teoria Crítica da sociedade que, de fato, corresponda às características descritivas e normativa delineadas pelo próprio Marx. No entanto, o preço desta reaproximação para a Teoria Crítica de Honneth é uma ênfase maior na divisão do trabalho como o mecanismo central da reprodução social.


Palavras-chave


Marx; Honneth; Teoria Crítica; Reconhecimento; Funcionalismo; Trabalho social; Divisão do trabalho.

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1984-7289.2018.3.32249

Direitos autorais 2018 Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais

ISSN-L: 1519-6089  -  e-ISSN: 1984-7289

Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais

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