Roll a D6: a role-playing game based approach to the EFL classroom

Fabian Quevedo da Rocha

Abstract


This article describes the benefits of using Role-playing games (RPGs) in EFL learning contexts. It is divided in three main parts: the first part introduces the concept and origins of RPGs and briefly discusses their communicative and collaborative aspects; the second part approaches the RPG systematic to the concepts of communicative language teaching (CLT), task based learning (TBL), and active learning as a means to demonstrate how EFL learners can benefit from an approach that involves RPGs; the third part describes and discusses the learning outcomes of a set of RPG based tasks that were developed and used in an EFL context with a group of nine teenagers aging from 12 to 17 years old during their fourth semester in a language school. The article closes with considerations on how RPG based learning can help learners develop not only their speaking and interpersonal skills, but also autonomy.


Keywords


Active learning; Communicative language teaching; EFL; RPG.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Appel, Gabriela & Lantolf, James. 1994. Speaking as mediation: a study of L1 and L2 text recall. Tasks. The Modern Language Journal, 78(4), p. 437-452.

Armstrong, Michael. 2016. Role-playing Game Based Learning, EFL Curriculum. Dissertação de Mestrado. St. Cloud State University.

Azarola-Negueruela, Eduardo & García, Próspero. 2016. Sociocultural theory and the language classroom. In The Routledge handbook of English language teaching (p. 295-309). London: Routledge.

Beichner, Robert. 2014. History and evolution of active learning spaces. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 137, p. 9-16.

Bowman, Sarah. 2010. The Functions of Role-Playing Games:how participants create community, solve problems and explore identity. North Carolina: McFarland.

Cook, Mike, Gremo, Matthew, & Morgan, Ryan. 2017. Playing around with literature: tabletop role-playing games in middle grades ELA. Voices from the Middle, 25(2), p. 62-69.

East, Martin. 2012. Task-based Language Teaching from the Teacher's Perspective: insights from New Zealand. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Pub. Co.

Freire, Paulo. 2005. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum.

Freire, Paulo. 1996. Pedagogia da Autonomia: saberes necessários à prática educativa. São Paulo: Paz e Terra.

Gibbons, Pauline. 2015. Scaffolding Language Scaffolding Learning: teaching second language learners in the midstream classroom. Portsmouth: Heinemann.

Gibbons, Pauline. 2013. Scaffolding. In The Routledge encyclopedia of second language acquisition (p. 563-564). London: Routledge.

Ghazal, Sadeqa & Singh Smriti. 2016. Game-based language learning: activities for ESL classes with limited access to technology. ELT Voices, 6(4), p. 1-8.

Hall, Graham. 2016. Method, methods and methodology. In The Routledge handbook of English language teaching (p. 209-223). London: Routledge.

Hua, Zhu & Kramsch, Claire 2016. Language and culture in ELT. In The Routledge handbook of English language teaching (p. 38-50). London: Routledge.

Jackson, Steve. 1993. GURPS Basic Set. Austin: Steve Jackson Games. Jacobs, George & Renandya, Willy. 2016. Student-centred learning in ELT. In English language teaching today: linking theory and practice (p. 13-25). Switzerland: Springer.

Kapp, Karl. 2012. The Gamification of Learning and Instruction. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.

Kramsch, Claire. 2011. Language and culture. In The Routledge handbook of applied linguistics (p. 305-317). New York: Routledge.

Lantolf, James & Thorne, Steven. 2006. Sociocultural theory and second language learning. In Theories in second language acquisition (p. 201-224). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Larsen-Freeman, Diane. 2011. Key concepts in language learning and language education. In The Routledge handbook of applied linguistics (p. 155-170). New York: Routledge.

Li, Li & Walsh, Steve. 2016. Classroom talk, interaction and collaboration. In The Routledge handbook of English language teaching (p. 486-498). London: Routledge.

Morán, José. 2015. Mudando a educação com metodologias ativas. In Convergências midiáticas, educação e cidadania: aproximações jovens (p. 15-33). Ponta Grossa: Mídias Contemporâneas.

Ortega, Lourdes. 2011. Second language acquisition. In The Routledge handbook of applied linguistics (p. 171-184). New York: Routledge.

Phillips, Brian. 1994. Role-Playing Games in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom. Proceedings of the Tenth National Conference on English Teaching and Learning in the Republic of China (p. 625-648). Taipei: Crane Publishing.

Resnick, Mitchel. 2004. Edutainment? No thanks. I prefer playful learning. Associazione Civita Report on Edutainment.

Sarmento, Simone. 2004. Ensino de cultura na aula de língua estrangeira. Revista Virtual de Estudos da Linguagem, 2(2), p. 1-22.

Tasker, Thomas & Thorne, Steven. 2011. Sociocultural and cultural-historical theories of language development. In The Routledge handbook of applied linguistics (p. 487-500). New York: Routledge.

Teixeira, Anísio 2010. A pedagogia de Dewey. In John Dewey (p. 33-66). Pernambuco: Massangana.

Thornbury, Scott. 2011. Language teaching methodology. In The Routledge handbook of applied linguistics (p. 185-199). New York: Routledge.

Van den Branden, Kris 2016. Task-based language teaching. In The Routledge handbook of English language teaching (p. 238-251). London: Routledge.

Zalka, Csenge. 2012. Adventures in the Classroom: Creating Role-Playing Games Based on Traditional Stories for the High School Curriculum. Dissertação de Mestrado. East Tennessee State University.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/2178-3640.2018.2.31960

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.pt_BR

e-ISSN: 2178-3640

  This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) http://www.publicationethics.org

Licença Creative Commons

Except where otherwise noted, content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

Editorial Policies of Brazilian Scientific Journals.* Deposit availability: Blue .

 

 Copyright: © 2006-2019 EDIPUCRS