Epidemiological characteristics and HIV-related oral lesions observed in patients from a Southern Brazilian city

Maria Noel Petruzzi, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini, Maria Antonia Zancanaro de Figueiredo

Abstract


Purpose: To assess the epidemiological characteristics and associated oral lesions of HIV adult carriers in a southern Brazilian city.
Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted to review the medical records of 534 patients treated at 5 referral health centers.
Results: Nearly 52% of the patient sample was male, 88.2% were older than 30 years of age, 58% had been diagnosed with an advanced stage of HIV disease and 78.1% presented rapid rates of HIV progression to AIDS. Harmful habits were common (31.9%), and 35% of the patients were unemployed. Approximately 60% of the subjects used highly active antiretroviral therapy. Tuberculosis was the most commonly observed systemic illness (18.5%), and oral candidiasis was the most prevalent lesion in the oral cavity (50%). A higher risk for tuberculosis onset was associated to illicit drugs use and oral candidiasis and hairy leukoplakia.
Conclusion: The high prevalence of concurrent diseases and the rapid progression to AIDS highlight the need for early diagnosis and access to treatment. Professionals must be made aware about the onset of HIV-related oral lesions that would be helpful to diagnose HIV or serve as indicators of a worsening condition.

Keywords


AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections; Diagnosis, Oral; Epidemiology; Developing Countries

Full Text:

PDF


e-ISSN: 1980-6523

ISSN-L: 0102-9460

 

This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) http://www.publicationethics.org


SJR (SCImago Journal & Country Rank) IMPACT FACTOR:

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Licença Creative Commons

Except where otherwise noted, content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.

 

Editorial Policies of Brazilian Scientific Journals. Deposit availability: Blue .

 

Copyright: © 2006-2020 EDIPUCRS