Clinical bioethics: science and humanity [Abstract in English]

Cristiano Corrêa Batista, José Roberto Goldim, Carlos Cezar Fritscher

Abstract


Objective: Pre-modern medicine emphasized harmony
between the universe and nature and everything was
believed to be possible to those physicians that were able to
interpret signs and symptoms. As of the invention of the
stethoscope, an investigative process was initiated which
included observation of the inside of the living body.
Throughout time, medicine has been impregnated by
technology and, currently, the so-called techno-science is
omni-present. The doctor-patient relationship shifts into
second place or is totally absent. We must develop as
intellectuals with a new perception capable of critically
judging this new form of medical practice based principally
on technology. This paper aims is to consider, in the light
of clinical bioethics, a new way to practice medicine as
an attempt to restore the more humane side of medical
science.

Methods: Information from the Medline and LILACS
databases going back 10 years was consulted. Also, a review
of literature available in Brazil was carried out in reference
to the themes of medicine, bioethics, science and
humanity.

Results and conclusion: We conclude that the
Medicine is not just a science, but also an art. In certain
situations, it demands making value judgments. Clinical
bioethics is becoming a guide that will help find the way to
combine techno-scientific and biomedical knowledge with
philosophical knowledge. Through clinical bioethics it is
possible to bring more humane aspects to the art of
medicine.

KEY WORDS: BIOETHICS; ETHICS, CLINICAL; PHYSICIANPATIENT
RELATIONS; MEDICINE/trends.



e-ISSN: 1980-6108 | ISSN-L: 1806-5562


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